2016考研英语:搭配记忆法巧解英译汉

2019-12-21 18:56 来源:未知

  我们事前说过,复习考研[微博]爱尔兰语要保养真题,在记念词汇和演练阅读精通、翻译题的时候要结合真题做搭配纪念,并辅以相应的演习,下边大家就以真题为例,从当中筛选出轻松现身的考试的场面,让二零一五的考生越来越深厚地精晓“搭配纪念”法。

1 Good parenting

  【相关真题】

Good schooling
The parent-child relationship

  ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years. ②Morefamilies consist of one-parent households or two working parents; consequently,children are likely to have less supervision at home than was common in thetraditional family structure. ③Thislack of parental supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crimerates. ④Other identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or failure in school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of child abuse andchild neglect. ⑤Allthese conditions tend to increase the probability of a child committing acriminal act, although a direct causal relationship has not yet beenestablished。

2 Build strong family relationships

  【高频考试之处】

Build a sense of belonging
Have meals as a family
Share family chores
Share ideas and feelings

  1.发生变化:experiencechanges

Strengthen family bonds
Family bonding activities

  2.由单亲家庭构成:consistof one-parent households

Achieve a good work-family balance
Help their children with homework

  3.XKF会对小伙发案率产生震慑:XKFis thought to be an influence on juvenile crime rates。

Monitor their children's academic performance
Are more involved in their children's education

  4.充实可能性:increasethe probability

These parents believe that they are more involved in their children's education than their own parents were.

  5.直接的因果关系还不曾树立起来:adirect causal relationship has not yet been established

Teach their children good manners
Provide good role models for their children

  6.可显明的缘由:identifiablecauses

3 Working parents

  7.佛口蛇心的一颦一笑:offensiveacts

It helps busy working parents balance their lives.

  8.某一件事产生更为多:thegrowing incidence of something

Have busy careers
(Children) Spend their after-school hours without adult supervision

  【翻译演练】

Internet addiction
Spend too much time online
Weaken family bonds
Feel disconnected from each other
Cause family conflict/ high divorce rate

  ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years。

4 Parenting style/ child-rearing style

  ②More families consist ofone-parent households or two working parents; consequently, children are likelyto have less supervision at home than was common in the traditional familystructure。

Expect their children to do exactly what they are told
Stifle their creativity
Damage their self-esteem

  构造提醒:than was common in the traditional familystructure显示比较的逻辑关系,相比的双方是当今的儿女与人生观家庭的儿女。

Spoil their children
Permissive parents
(Children) can behave as they please

  ③This lack of parentalsupervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crime rates。

Are understanding and supportive
Respect their feelings
Support their choices
Respect their individuality

  ④Other identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or failure in school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of child abuse andchild neglect。

Western parents try to respect their children's individuality.

  构造提醒:frustration or failure in school, theincreased availability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of childabuse and child neglect里并列的名词短语协同构成句子的宾语。

Give them advice and support
Encourage them to think independently
Help them build self-confidence and self-esteem
Help them achieve their potential

  ⑤Allthese conditions tend to increase the probability of a child committing acriminal act, although a direct causal relationship has not yet been established。

5 Emotional health/ emotional well-being

  【参谋译文】

This program aims to promote emotional health among young people.

  ①这些年,家庭也时有产生了有的改变。

Provide them with emotional support
(Children) Seek advice from parents
Damage their emotional health

  ②单亲家庭大概老人都要上班的家园越来越多,那样一来,家庭对儿女的担保比守旧家庭大概会少一些。

6 Develop good moral values

  ③贫乏爹妈监督被以为对小伙发案的可能率有肯定的熏陶。

Teach children the difference between right and wrong
Teach children about social responsibility

  ④别样能够找到的犯罪行为的由来不外乎在本校的倒闭和波折、毒品和酒更加的轻松得到、凌虐孩子和大意孩子的平地风波更是多。

7 Good behavior

  ⑤怀有这么些条件往往会扩张青年违规的或然性,固然它们中间一直的善有善报天道好还关系还从未鲜明。

Follow school rules
Develop self-control
Well-behavior students
Teach them good manners and etiquette

  “搭配回主见”对大家记忆单词、据有翻译题有非常的大的扶助,但别的玄妙的办法都亟待在长久的幼学壮行中耳濡目染,希望大家在后来的复习进度中,能根据这种方法把真题吃透,寸积铢累,你会发掘效果确实不错!

Break school rules
Unacceptable behavior

  来源:文都教育

8 Their peers

Peer pressure
Are in their formative years
Often act on impulse

Teenagers often act on impulse and get into trouble with their parents.

Are influenced by peer pressure
Positive peer pressure ➡️ Increase their motivation to learn
Negative peer pressure ➡️ drug abuse, teenage sex, school bullying, youth crime

Feel lonely and isolated

9 Behavior problems

Unruly students
Drop out of school

Half of young adults who dropped out of school regretted their decision later.

Are involved with gangs and crime

Take responsibility for their own actions
Have respect for their neighbors and communities

10 Youth crime

Lack self-control
Do not think about the consequences of their actions
Commit a crime

Reduce/ prevent youth crime
Become law-abiding citizens

11 Prepare them well for adult life

Increase their independence
A responsible member of society
A productive/ contributing member of society

(Parents) raise their children to be responsible/ productive/ contributing members of society

(School) prepare students to be...
Produce well-rounded individuals

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